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Archived articles 2008

Back to Recent News

MacDonald joins call to derail Black Mesa plan
By Bill Donovan, Special to the Navajo Times, NOVEMBER 26, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK - The time has come for Peabody Coal Co. to leave Navajo land and let other companies mine and market the coal reserves it has controlled for close to 50 years, a former tribal leader said Tuesday.
  "The best thing that the Navajo Nation could do is to get rid of Peabody," said former Chairman Peter MacDonald Sr.
  He made the comment when asked for his opinion on an environmental impact statement concerning Peabody's plans for Black Mesa, where it has over 65,000 acres under lease.
  The U.S. Office of Surface Mining is in the process of finalizing the study, and is proposing to endorse the plan that Peabody wants....

Hopi chairman denounces fed finding on Black Mesa
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi’ Bureau, Navajo Times, NOVEMBER 20, 2008
  KEAMS CANYON, Ariz. – Suspended Hopi Tribal Chairman Benjamin Nuvamsa said last week that a federal proposal to incorporate Peabody Western Coal Co.’s idle Black Mesa coal mine into the permit for its Kayenta Mine is a premature decision that could effectively shut out the tribe from decisions about its coal for years to come.
  On Nov. 7, the federal Office of Surface Mining announced that folding Black Mesa into the other permit is the preferred alternative in its environmental impact statement on future mining plans for the area.
  The idling of the Black Mesa mine in December 2005, when its sole customer shut down, should have been the Hopi’s opportunity to negotiate with Peabody to exert more control over their mineral resources, Nuvamsa said....

State officials: H.B. developer failed to rebury Indian remains in a timely fashion By Cindy Carcamo, The Orange County Register, NOVEMBER 14, 2008
  HUNTINGTON BEACH - A Surf City developer scored a victory Thursday when
the state's Coastal Commission allowed him to keep his building permit.
  However, details revealed during the hearing and earlier proceedings sparked suspicion among commissioners and their staff that Brightwater Hearthside Homes officials may have mishandled ancient American Indian remains on the Bolsa Chica mesa site where they plan to build a 300-home community.
  The state's Coastal Commission staff said the developer has failed to document their archeological discoveries for about a year and failed to rebury them and an unclear number of ancient American Indian remains in a timely manner, said Teresa Henry, the commission's South Coast Area district manager....

State to review Bolsa Chica
By Joe Segura, Staff Writer, Long Beach Press Telegram, NOVEMBER 12, 2008
  LONG BEACH - The state Coastal Commission is set to take a close look today at the method used to handle scores of ancient Native American remains and thousands of buried artifacts unearthed at the Huntington Beach-based Bolsa Chica wetlands.
  The commission takes up the issue at the Long Beach City Hall, 333 W. Ocean Blvd., the City Council Chambers. The commission meeting begins at 8a.m., but it's not clear at what point the review begins.
  The commission staff is recommending the denial of a request to revoke the development permit at the Bolsa Chica wetlands site, ruling the ancient remains found there were handled within state guidelines....

Black Mesa Project EIS available
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, NOVEMBER 11, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — The final Environmental Impact Statement analyzing the effects of the Black Mesa Project was published Friday in the Federal Register by the U.S.
Office of Surface Mining and the Environmental Protection Agency.
  The waiting period for the record of decision on the proposed project ends Dec. 8.
  If the project is approved as proposed, the existing facilities and unmined coal reserves within the area where Peabody Western Coal Co.’s Black Mesa Mine previously operated would be added to the permit for the Kayenta Mine, which supplies 8.5 million tons of coal per year to the Navajo Generating Station at Page.
Since coal would no longer be supplied to Mohave Generating Station from the Black Mesa Complex, water consumption at the Complex would be reduced from about 4,400 a cre-feet of Navajo aquifer water per year to an average of 1,236 acre-feet for mining-related and domestic purposes....

Black Mesa Project Final Environmental Impact Statement
NOVEMBER 4, 2008
  The Office of Surface Mining and Reclamation released the FEIS for the Black Mesa Project last week, on the day of the election, November 4, 2008; many who asked for hard copies of the Statement received them the next day. It is available for your viewing on line at the link above.
  OSM's website states: "As a starting point in reviewing the Final EIS, you may want to read the Executive Summary . Below you may access it by clicking the link to it. The Executive Summary is an overview of the Final EIS and its conclusions. It contains a map of the project area and maps showing the permit area for the Black Mesa Complex under each of the three alternative decisions analyzed. It also contains a table summarizing the impacts by alternative." More of their description can be read at their website at the link above.

Navajo, Hopi challenged to prove radiation danger
By S.J. Wilson, Navajo Hopi Observer, NOVEMBER 4, 2008
  UPPER MOENKOPI, Ariz. - "We are following the law; I can't apologize for the last 10 years. You must convince me that there is an imminent threat."
  Jack Reever, Director of Facilities, Environmental and Cultural Resources for the Bureau Indian Affairs (BIA), delivered that challenge during a recent visit to the Hopi village that included a tour of sacred springs, farmland and the Tuba City Open Dump.
  Lieutenant Governor Robert Sumatzkuku of Upper Moenkopi and Harris Polelonoma, community service administrator for Lower Moencopi, welcomed Reever and other dignitaries to a meeting and tour of the area.
  Polelonoma described a meeting with Reever in Washington on Sept. 24 that included Hubert Lewis, Governor of Upper Moenkopi) and Nat Nutongla (Director, Office of Water Resources for the Hopi Tribe)....

Hardrock distrusts McCain due to land dispute record
By Wendy Kenin, Special to the Navajo Times, OCTOBER 30, 2008
  SAN FRANCISCO - “Senator John McCain represents an Indian fighter just like Colonel Kit Carson,” says Bahe Katenay, Diné, resident of the Hopi Partition Land.
  Katenay has spent much of the past three decades supporting the traditional elders of the Big Mountain area as a translator and advocate. His family has been among those resisting federally mandated relocation from lands awarded to the Hopi Tribe.
  Since 2000 they have been living under Hopi jurisdiction via a 75-year lease as implemented through federal laws that Senator John McCain introduced.
  “Same as all the other senators that preceded him” Katenay said. "They were all Indian haters. They were all responsible for making the laws against the Indians here in Arizona.”
  The Hardrock Chapter includes Diné residents of the HPL, but land use is limited to its part of the Navajo Partition Lands - less than a quarter of the chapter's original land base...

Opponents of Desert Rock gain time
The EPA gives 30-day extension to comment on plant’s air permit
By Ted Holteen, Durango Herald, AUGUST 22, 2008
  Opponents of the proposed Desert Rock power plant in northwest New Mexico won a small victory Thursday when the Environmental Protection Agency granted a 30-day extension to allow several groups and the state of New Mexico more time to review and appeal Desert Rock's air-quality permit.
  The new deadline to file an appeal is Oct. 2.
  Thursday's decision also allowed Desert Rock representatives to participate in the appeals process, and it also denied a request by the opponents to stay a decision by the EPA on carbon-dioxide emissions by Desert Rock.
  The EPA issued the Prevention of Significant Deterioration, or PSD, air-quality permit July 31. By law, the EPA allows 30 days from the issuance of the permit for appeals to be filed, but Mike Eisenfeld, the energy coordinator for San Juan Citizens Alliance in New Mexico, said the Desert Rock case is an exception to the regular rules....

Plaintiffs in Peaks case considering appeal
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi' Bureau, Navajo Times, AUGUST 21, 2008
  CHINLE - Following a reversal of fortune in the courts, eight plaintiffs in the lawsuit to prevent the use of treated wastewater to make snow on the San Francisco Peaks are considering whether to take the case to the U.S. Supreme Court, according to spokesmen for President Joe Shirley Jr. and the Sierra Club.
  In an en banc ruling published Aug. 8, the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a previous ruling by a three-judge panel that would have prevented the snowmaking scheme at the Arizona Snowbowl ski area.
   Among the appellants were the Navajo Nation and three other tribes who claim the use of reclaimed sewage effluent, even if cleaned up enough to meet federal drinking water standards, would defile a sacred mountain, render the area's medicinal plants unusable, and nullify some of their ceremonies....

Environmental groups challenge Desert Rock decision
By Cornelia de Bruin, The Daily Times, AUGUST 15, 2008
  BURNHAM — A coalition of seven environmental groups, represented by Earthjustice attorney Nick Persampieri, Thursday filed a challenge to the federal Environmental Protection Agency's July 31 decision to grant an air permit for Desert Rock.
  Desert Rock Power Plant is the 1,500 megawatt pulverized coal-burning plant proposed near Burnham, about 30 miles southwest of Farmington on the Navajo Nation.
  Even so, Horn Creek eventually splashes its way to the canyon bottom and into the Colorado River, a vital water source for 25 million people from Las Vegas to Los Angeles to San Diego. In that mighty river, the Orphan’s radioactive dribble is diluted to insignificance....

Freeze residents impatient with planning process
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi', Navajo Times, AUGUST 14, 2008
  TUBA CITY - The residents of the former Bennett Freeze do not understand why it is taking tribal planners so long to figure out what they need.

  In the words of Coconino County supervisor and Tuba City resident Louise Yellowman, "We need everything."
   "The government keeps asking us, 'What do you need?'" said Yellowman at a final input meeting held Aug. 6 for residents of the former Bennett Freeze....

Environmental groups, tribes to continue efforts to protect sacred Peaks
Navajo-Hopi Observer, AUGUST 12, 2008
  FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. - Arizona's sacred San Francisco Peaks and the neighboring tribal communities were denied environmental justice Friday in a split decision by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, ruling in favor of the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort in its efforts to expand and contaminate the area.
  "The court failed to consider the claims of the impacts to human health form coming into contact with the treated waste from reclaimed water and did not take seriously the tribes' legal claims because of a court technicality," said Andy Bessler with the Sierra Club in Flagstaff, Arizona. "The decision leaves unaddressed water quality issues, since the Court failed to decide if using reclaimed water on the Peaks was safe for the environment or for human health."
  The San Francisco Peaks, north of Flagstaff, Arizona, are sacred to 13 tribes and are important spiritual and geographic boundaries. The tribes had brought legal claims under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and the National Environmental Policy Act against the U.S. Forest Service from implementing a snowmaking proposal using reclaimed water to make artificial snow on the Peaks....

Forest Service, Snowbowl win right to use fake snow
Money wins out over religion, some say
By S.J. Wilson, Navajo-Hopi Observer, AUGUST 12, 2008
  FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. - Just one day after Indian Country registered its shock over the settlement in Cobell v. Kempthorne - $455.6 million rather than the $58 billion sought - 13 Arizona tribes learned that they had lost their bid to protect the sacred San Francisco Peaks from desecration by the use of treated wastewater to make artificial snow at the Arizona Snowbowl ski resort.
  Eleven Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals justices filed a split decision in Pasadena, Calif. on August 8, with seven justices joining Judge Bea in affirming the district court's denial of relief on all grounds. Judge Fletcher penned the dissent, joined by two justices.
  Attorney Howard Shanker, who represents the Navajo Nation, White Mountain Apache, Yavapai Apache, Havasupai, the Sierra Club and other plaintiff-appellants, said that the Ninth Circuit en banc hearing was the last best chance for tribes to have legal protection under RFRA....

Circuit Court overturns peaks ruling
By Karen Francis, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, AUGUST 11, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — In a long awaited 100-page decision, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that using treated wastewater on the San Francisco Peaks in Arizona to make artificial snow does not violate the Religious Freedom Restoration Act and overturned a previous ruling that would have protected the mountain that is sacred to at least 13 Indian tribes.
  The Navajo Nation v. U.S. Forest Services was heard by an en banc court on Dec. 11, and the latest ruling was issued Aug. 8.
  The court’s majority opinion states, “The only effect of the proposed upgrades is on the Plaintiffs’ subjective, emotional religious experience.”
  The court found that there was no substantial burden on the free exercise of religion using the Supreme Court precedence of Sherber v. Verner and Wisconsin v. Yoder. The court also stated that the plaintiffs “cannot dictate the decisions that government makes in managing ‘what is, after all, its land.’”
Because there was no substantial burden, the compelling interest standard cannot be applied, according to the court....

Snowbowl wins latest court fight vs. Navajos
By Michael Kiefer, Arizona Republic, AUGUST 9, 2008
  A federal appellate court on Friday sided with a Flagstaff ski resort, ruling that its plan for using reclaimed wastewater to make artificial snow does not violate the religious freedom of Native Americans.
  The ruling sets up a potential showdown at the U.S. Supreme Court, where Arizona tribal leaders, environmental groups and their attorneys pledge to appeal their case.
  Regardless, there will be no snowmaking at the Snowbowl this winter....

Snowmaking OK'd at Snowbowl resort
By Michael Kiefer, Arizona Republic, AUGUST 8, 2008
  A federal court of appeals on Friday ruled that using reclaimed wastewater to make artificial snow at a Flagstaff ski resort does not violate the religious freedom of Native Americans.
  The decision out of the court's Ninth Circuit in San Francisco overturns an earlier appellate decision to the contrary. The issue has see-sawed since January 2006, when a federal judge in Prescott first ruled that Arizona Snowbowl's plan to run a pipe up the mountain from a water treatment plant in Flagstaff was acceptable under federal environmental law.
  A coalition of tribes and environmental groups led by the Navajo Nation appealed the decision on religious grounds, and it was overturned in March 2007 by a three-judge panel at the Ninth Circuit. Snowbowl's owners asked that the case be reviewed en banc - by the entire bench of appellate judges - which came back with a 9-3 decision in favor of Snowbowl....

Meetings held to educate public on Black Mesa EIS
Black Mesa Project document is lengthy and confusing, some say
By S.J. Wilson, Navajo Hopi Observer, JULY 14, 2008
  KYKOTSMOVI, Ariz. - When one reads the Black Mesa Project Draft Environmental Impact Study (EIS), it appears that the Hopi Tribe is a cooperating agency in the process-something that is just plain wrong, according to Vernon Masayesva of the Hopi Tribe.
   "The Office of Surface Mining wants you to know that the Hopi Tribe was involved in creating this document," Masayesva said, as fellow tribal member Jerry Honawa hoisted the heavy bound document in the air for all to see. "Now we are finding out, that's not the way it is. This [the Hopi Tribe as a cooperating agency] was never discussed by the Hopi Tribe. This was never brought to the Hopi Tribal Council."
  Masayesva opened a public meeting hosted by the Black Mesa Trust, Black Mesa Water Coalition, the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Sierra Club at the Hopi Veteran's Center on July 1....

Upgrades temporarily halted at Snowbowl
By Cindy Yurth, Navajo Times, JULY 10, 2008
  CHINLE – The supervisor of the Coconino National forest has denied the Arizona Snowbowl’s request to upgrade its ski school area pending a decision by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals on whether the ski area near Flagstaff can expand its area and make snow using reclaimed wastewater.
  “It’s a small victory,” declared Robert Tohe, environmental justice coordinator for the Sierra Club’s Grand Canyon Chapter.
  In a letter to Sierra Club chapter director Sandy Bahr, forest supervisor Nora B. Rasure said she received letters not only from the Sierra Club but also from the Yavapai-Apache Nation, the Pueblo of Acoma, and the Hopi and Havasupai tribes opposing the upgrade....

EPA, agencies finalize Navajo cleanup plan?
By Kathy Helms, Gallup Independent, JULY 1, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and four other federal agencies have finalized a five-year plan for cleaning up a legacy of radioactive contamination resulting from years of uranium mining on the Navajo Nation.
   The plan is outlined in a report prepared for the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform chaired by Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif.
  The committee requested the plan last October after four hours of testimony from representatives of the Navajo Nation. Waxman criticized the federal government for 40 years of “bipartisan failure” that resulted in “a modern American tragedy.”
  The landmark plan by EPA, in partnership with the Department of Energy, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Indian Health Service and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission represents the first coordinated approach created by the five agencies....

Peabody coal mine to reopen?
By Cyndy Cole, Arizona Daily Sun, MAY 25, 2008
  Peabody Western Coal Company is taking steps to possibly reopen Black Mesa Mine on the Hopi Reservation.
   The mine closed in 2005 when the power plant it fed in Nevada shut down amid pollution violations, putting about 150 people out of work and costing the region close to $100 million in direct and indirect payments.
  The Office of Surface Mining is rewriting some of the necessary plans to operate the mine, according to a notice filed in the Federal Register on Friday.
  But instead of using groundwater to slurry coal more than 270 miles to a now-closed power plant in Laughlin, Nev., the coal could possibly end up at the Navajo Generating Station in Page....

The Black Mesa Project is on again!
  As of May 23, 2008, the Office of Surface Mining has reopened the comment period for the Black Mesa Project. All comments must be received by July 7, 2008. Contact information is available at the link above. New information regarding the EIS can be found here: Federal Register Notices Announcing Reopened Comment Period on Draft EIS
   Only two alternatives are left, Alternative B (which favors Peabody Western Coal Company and its expansion on Black Mesa) and Alternative C (the no action alternative).
  Support the families who reside on Black Mesa, and help stop the Black Mesa Project from becoming a reality. Stay tuned for new developments...
To sponsor a walker, click on the graphic above

Local tribal members taking part in The Longest Walk
By Darin Fenger, Yuma Sun, MAY 17, 2008
  Armed with a tin can rattle in his hand and the traditional songs of family and tribe in his heart, a young Quechan man is delivering a message to Washington, D.C. completely on foot.
   Lewis Jefferson, who will turn 21 on the road next month, started walking east in late March. That's when the budding traditional singer joined a small band of folks dedicated to spreading the word about protecting the sacred lands of native people.
  Together Jefferson and his comrades make up The Longest Walk 2, a historic march spanning San Francisco to Washington, D.C., that began in early February and is expected to end in late July....

The Longest Walk 2 Takes Oklahoma By Storm
By Brenda Golden, Native Times, MAY 14, 2008
  The Longest Walk 2 (LW2) Southern Route forged ahead through pouring rain and thunderstorms this week to reach Tulsa since reaching Oklahoma on May 3, 2008.
  LW2 began their journey on February 11, 2008 from San Francisco, California, to cross the United States on the 30-year anniversary of the Longest Walk of 1978. Walkers include American Indian tribal members from all over the nation, and international participants such as the Nipponzan Miyohoji Buddhists from Japan....

Tribe: Heritage lost to mining
By Nikki Peralta, New Mexico Daily Lobo, MAY 7, 2008
  Big Mountain, an area near Black Mesa, Ariz., used to be a place of peace and tradition, but now the land is being destroyed by the Peabody Coal Company, said Allen Cooper, a former member of the Big Mountain Support Committee.
  Cooper said the Navajo land has no electricity or water, and the people there provide for themselves.
  The land also happens to be extremely rich in strippable coal.
  Bahe Katenay, spokeswoman for the tribe, said people of Big Mountain have lost part of their simple traditions and culture. The way of life on the mountain has changed because the effect of having a coal-mining operation near the land has left a large portion industrialized.

Longest Walk spotlights issues important to American Indians
By Kevin Hoffmann, Kansas City Star, MAY 3, 2008
  The message was instilled in Cordell Tulley when he was a boy growing up on an Indian reservation in Arizona.
  Take care of the land. Protect the sacred sites.
  That’s why Tulley doesn’t understand why so many people pollute roadways, streams and rivers. He doesn’t get why people are willing to bulldoze trees and clear out wildlife for so-called development.

No relief
Coconino County ranchers denied drought relief payments
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi Bureau, MAY 1, 2008
  LEUPP, Ariz. - 2008 started out so well.
  While the rest of us griped about the mud, ranchers here in Western Navajo kept anxious eyes on the San Francisco Peaks as the snow piled up, daring to hope for the first time in 12 years that it would be a wet spring.
  Now look at Fred and Ethel Paisano's stock tank. Other than a muddy puddle
of water about 10 feet in diameter, it's a jigsaw puzzle of parched clay. Three little black ducks paddle in pathetic circles but even though it's the only water for miles, there are no cattle tracks....

Group marches in name of 'Mother Earth'
By Mike Hall, The Capital-Journal, APRIL 29, 2008
  Halfway on their walk from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., a group participating in the Longest Walk 2 is in Topeka to promote their message to protect "Mother Earth" and the cultures and sacred sites of American Indians.
  About 20 walkers arrived at the Statehouse at noon Monday and formed a circle for an American Indian prayer song led by Cordell Tulley, a member of the Dineh tribe of Arizona.
  The original Longest Walk in 1978 resulted in the U.S. government dropping plans to cancel all tribal agreements....

Black Mesa studies to resume, slurry appears dead
By Marley Shebala, Navajo Times, APRIL 17, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — The 38-year-old Black Mesa Pipeline is retiring.
  The federal Office of Surface Mining has directed the pipeline’s present owner, Black Mesa Pipeline Co., to remove all trace of the structure, which was used to transport coal slurry from the Black Mesa Mine to the Mohave Generating Station in Laughlin, Nev.
  “BMPC must take down all structures and facilities owned by them, regrade the area, and revegetate the area under the interim regulations of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977,” said John Stucker, the tribe’s senior mining engineer, in an April 10 memo. “If we have any need for these facilities we need to communicate with BMPC soon.”
  At the same time, federal officials plan to resume studies of another alternative for Black Mesa coal, Stucker said in the memo, which was directed to the Navajo Nation Black Mesa environmental impact statement team....

No power plant aids N-aquifer
Black Mesa Environmental Impact Statement to be reactivated
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, April 14, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — The Black Mesa Environmental Impact Statement is being reactivated, however the preferred alternative, which includes the C-aquifer pipeline, reportedly will be eliminated.
  John Stucker, senior mining engineer for the Navajo Nation Minerals Department's Surface Mining Program, said Friday that with the closure of Mohave Generating Station, Alternative A is no longer necessary, because the coal slurry pipeline that transported coal from Black Mesa Mine to Mohave is no longer operating....

Prattans to join in new Longest Walk
By Gale Rose,, Pratt Tribune, April 11, 2008
  Like their ancestors did for centuries, a group of Native Americans is walking to their destination. Only this walk is longer than most tribes ever had to travel, over 4,400 miles, and part of those miles will go through Pratt.
  The Longest Walk 2 is a group of Native Americans walking from Alcatraz off the coast of San Francisco to Washington D.C. to commemorate the 30 year
anniversary of the first Longest Walk in 1978....

Longest Walkers declare opposition to Desert Rock
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi' Bureau Navajo Times, APRIL 10, 2008
  Chaco Rio, N.M. - Like their ancestors did for centuries, a group of Native Americans is walking to their destination. Only this walk is longer than most tribes ever had to travel, over 4,400 miles, and part of those miles
will go through Pratt.
  The Longest Walk 2 is a group of Native Americans walking from Alcatraz off the coast of San Francisco to Washington D.C. to commemorate the 30 year
anniversary of the first Longest Walk in 1978....

Longest Walk 2 Events
  Click on one of the links below for further information:

  Window Rock, AZ - April 4-5 2008
  Crownpoint, NM - April 9-10 2008

The Longest Walk is a cross-country march focused on protecting American Indian rights and heritage
By Christina M. Woods, The Wichita Eagle, APRIL 8, 2008
  Hundreds of American Indian activists traveled through Kansas in 1978 as they walked from California to Washington, D.C., for Native American freedoms.
  Wichitan Rick Regan, who met them at the Mid-America All-Indian Center, said he'll never forget the sea of people in red T-shirts participating in the Longest Walk, a civil rights march.
  He's proud that his 23-year-old daughter, Sage, is among roughly 200 people now walking to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the march....

'A beautiful moment'
Longest Walkers arrive in Window Rock
By Karen Francis, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, APRIL 7, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — For Larry Anderson, Council delegate from Fort Defiance , it was a beautiful moment to welcome the Longest Walk 2 participants to the Navajo Nation capital as a leader, especially since 30 years ago he was a part of the original Longest Walk.
  “It’s a regeneration of 30 years ago. I used to sit out here in this circle years ago just wondering what kind of support we would be getting, how well the Navajo Nation was going to respond,” he said gesturing to the walkers who were sitting on the ground listening to various speakers on Friday evening. “Now I’m a leader of the Navajo Nation receiving the walkers and it makes me feel good, rejuvenated, inspired. I really feel the energy of these young people. Many of them weren’t born 30 years ago.”
  Speaker Lawrence T. Morgan, Iyanbito/Pinedale, and other tribal leaders and members welcomed the Longest Walk 2 to Window Rock with a reception on Friday held at the Navajo Nation Fairgrounds....

Longest Walk 2 arrival unifies local groups
By Cindy Yurth, Tséyi' Bureau, Navajo Times, APRIL 3, 2008
  Nothing like a bunch of outside environmentalists passing through your territory to get the locals in gear.
  Since the Longest Walk 2 - a cross-country trek for environmental justice - entered the Navajo Nation Friday, Diné environmentalists have been speaking with one voice and supporting each other's causes, said Guadalupe Branch, Navajo, the walk's western coordinator....

Navajos set to tap power of the wind
By Dennis Wagner and Ryan Randazzo, The Arizona Republic, MARCH 28, 2008
  Hundreds of windmills reaching nearly 400 feet into the sky could begin sprouting on the Navajo Reservation north of Flagstaff under a new agreement to harness wind energy for electrical use.
  The Navajo Nation announced Thursday that it will partner with a Boston company to capitalize on the blustery conditions prevailing on the high mesas of northern Arizona. The Diné Wind Project, which would be the first commercial wind farm in the state, calls for Citizens Energy Corp. to invest millions of dollars to build the energy-collecting towers....

As Uranium Firms Eye N.M., Navajos Are Wary
By Kari Lydersen, Washington Post, MARCH 28, 2008
  AMBROSIA LAKE, N.M. -- Twenty years after uranium mining ceased in New Mexico amid plummeting prices for the ore, global warming and the soaring cost of oil are renewing interest in nuclear power -- and in the state's uranium belt.
  At least five companies are seeking state permits to mine the uranium reserves, estimated at 500 million pounds or more, and Uranium Resources Inc. (URI), a Texas-based company, wants to reopen a uranium mill in Ambrosia Lake.
  At least five companies are seeking state permits to mine the uranium reserves, estimated at 500 million pounds or more, and Uranium Resources Inc. (URI), a Texas-based company, wants to reopen a uranium mill in Ambrosia Lake....

Walking with a message
Longest Walk 2 unites past and present in Navajoland visit
By Candace Begody, Special to the Navajo Times, MARCH 27, 2008
  Flagstaff – Cultural genocide, centuries of warfare against Native people, constant threats to tribal sovereignty and forced relocation – plus blisters, poor diet, homesickness and daily and nightly bodily aches and pains?
  Well worth it for those on the southern route of the longest Walk 2, a trek of nearly 3,000 miles on foot to promote harmony with the Earth and social justice for Native people....

Longest Walk 2: Saving the land again
By Steve Ayers, Courier, MARCH 27, 2008
  Dennis Banks has plenty of reasons to have plenty of enemies.
  But that is no longer his style.
  Few living American Indians has done as much to advance the rights and causes of Indian people than Banks. But in doing so he has stepped on more than a few toes....

Longest Walk reaches Flagstaff
By Samuel Stoker, Special to the Navajo-Hopi Observer, MARCH 26, 2008
  Far ahead of a crowd of a few dozen Long Walkers, a Japanese man waved a safety flag. He wanted to talk, he wanted to be heard, but a language barrier allowed him only to say, "All life is sacred."
  He had been marching the southern route - there is also a northern route - with comrades since Alcatraz; all bound for Washington, D.C.
  An unusual mix of people, the Long Walk 2 participants represented various cultures and had come from palaces as far as Japan, Finland and Australia. While each person was different, encompassing different experiences, they marched as one - chanting, singing, playing drums and waving flags - as they made their way toward Flagstaff along Route 180....

Global warming bill delays Desert Rock
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, MARCH 24, 2008
  ST. MICHAELS — The air permit for the Desert Rock Energy Project is being held up by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency over concerns with the Endangered Species Act and global warming, and legislation introduced March 11 in Washington is not going to help the matter.
  The bill places a moratorium on either EPA or states issuing permits to new coal-fired power plants without state-of-the-art control technology to capture and permanently sequester the plant’s carbon dioxide emissions. The moratorium extends until a comprehensive federal regulatory program for global warming pollution is in place....

Native tribes bring message on Longest Walk
By Daniel Smith, Denver Post, MARCH 24, 2008
  About 50 members of tribes involved in the Longest Walk 2 gathered for a blessing and ceremonial singing at the Denver Art Museum's Native Art Wheel March 24, then rallied at the state capitol to raise awareness of their five-month coast-to-coast walk for Native American rights as well as concerns for environmental degradation.
  The walkers heard a presentation at the capitol on behalf of Gov. Ritter in support of the walk and its mission then marched to Newmont Mining company headquarters to protest the desecration of Shoshone sacred sites from gold mining by Newmont....

The Longest Walk 2
By Marty Durlin, High Country News, MARCH 20, 2008
  On a chilly day in March, two dozen weary walkers are resting at the Ute Indian Museum in Montrose. In the shadow of western Colorado’s Shining Mountains, surrounded by relics of the tribe who once inhabited the area, the group is taking a two-day break on its five-month journey from California’s Alcatraz Island to the nation’s capital.
  After 1,000 miles and a month on the road, the Long Walkers seem to enjoy relaxing in the comfortable atmosphere of the museum, eating pizza as they watch a film about Western Shoshone efforts to reclaim traditional lands. The walkers are young and old, both Indian and white. There’s a core group of approximately 30, along with an ever-changing group of supporters, whose ranks ebb and flow as the walk heads east....

'A step in the wrong direction
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, MARCH 20, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — A lawsuit filed Tuesday by Desert Rock Energy Co. LLC and Diné Power Authority against U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “is unfortunate and premature,” according to New Mexico Environment Department Secretary Ron Curry.
  Desert Rock Energy Co., a wholly owned subsidiary of Sithe Global Power LLC of Houston, and DPA challenged EPA and Administrator Stephen L. Johnson for failure to make a timely decision on an air permit application for the proposed 1,500 megawatt, coal-fired Desert Rock Energy Project, to be located near Burnham....

To honor Lori Piestewa means never repeating Iraq
Our view: After five years and 4,000 U.S. deaths, America's use of pre-emptive, unilateral military force has not upheld the invasion's promises.
Arizona Daily Sun editorial, MARCH 19, 2008
  It is heartbreaking, five years later, to look at the photograph of
Lori Piestewa, shown smiling beside her best Army buddy, Jessica
Lynch, and think of what could have been.
  Yes, Lori's two children, Brandon and Carla, are well-cared-for by
their grandparents. As Betsey Bruner reports today, the Piestewas have
made their own domestic peace with Lori's death in combat, leaving it
to others to sort out the geopolitical mess in which this country
remains entangled....

As U.S. border fence rises, a tribe tightens ties
By Tim Gaynor, Reuters posted at the Washington Post, MARCH 19, 2008
  CAMPO, California (Reuters) - As U.S. authorities tighten security on the porous Mexico border in this election year, some communities have been caught off guard by government plans to build miles of fencing and barriers.
  But members of one Native American tribe whose scattered settlements stud the rocky highlands of southern California and northwest Mexico, saw the build-up coming years ago and have turned something they dreaded to their advantage.
  "There was a sense among a lot of people that something needed to be done to prevent us from losing touch ... and so that's what we did," said Mike Connolly, a councilman with the Campo Band of the Kumeyaay nation....

Tribe takes on toxic waste
By Stan Bindelll, High Country News, MARCH 18, 2008
  On the Navajo Reservation, abandoned uranium mines and other toxic waste sites now stand a much better chance of remediation: The Navajo Nation Council just passed one of the most comprehensive toxic waste laws in Indian country.
  The Navajo Nation Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act became law in March. This sweeping legislation gives the tribe new power to monitor and clean up hazardous waste on its 27,000-square-mile reservation in Arizona, New Mexico and Utah, says Stephen Etsitty, executive director of the Navajo Environmental Protection Agency....

Longest Walk Talk Radio, live and uncensored
By Brenda Norrell, Narcosphere News, MARCH 17, 2008
  MONTROSE, Colo. Walking through the snow, the Longest Walk Northern Route arrived at the Ute Indian Museum on Sunday, March 16, after crossing on foot the states of California, Nevada and Utah. Walking with sacred staffs, American Indian walkers and their allies are carrying the message to protect sacred Mother Earth.
  Jimbo Simmons, northern route coordinator, said the walk is a prayer and the snow and cold intensifies the prayer. “I consider it an honor to walk through the snow and camp in the cold for Mother Earth,” Simmons said after Long Walkers walked through the snow in central Utah....

Navajos Urge Ban On Mining
By Michael Coleman , Albuquerque Journal Washington Bureau, MARCH 13, 2008
  WASHINGTON— Navajo Nation President Joe Shirley on Wednesday urged Congress to ban any new uranium mining on or near Navajo land.
  The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, chaired by Sen. Jeff Bingaman, a New Mexico Democrat, took up the issue of uranium mining, as well as a pending rewrite of laws regulating hard rock mining and the cleanup and reclamation of abandoned mines across the United States.
  Shirley told the panel that the Navajo Nation has suffered pervasive illness and death because of Cold War-era uranium mining. He is worried that a surging interest in nuclear power will lure more uranium mining companies to the area....

Putting to rest tribal remains
Hundreds of human fragments unearthed at a Gabrielino-Tongva burial site in Playa Vista will be reburied.
By Francisco Vara-Orta, Los Angeles Times, MARCH 11, 2008
  It was a five-year tug-of-war that sparked a legal, political and cultural showdown between some of the oldest and newest residents of the Los Angeles region.
  On one side: descendants of the Gabrielino-Tongva tribe, natives of the Ballona Wetlands thousands of years ago, outraged that a burial site of almost 400 human remains was being exhumed to clear the path for a waterway in a multibillion-dollar project....

The Longest Walk 2
Tehachapi News, MARCH 11, 2008
  "The Longest Walk is an Indian Spiritual Walk, a historical walk, and it is a walk for educational awareness to the American and world communities about the concerns of American Indian people. We are walking to protect sacred sites in our country. We are walking to promote positive change in our world.”
  This is the manifesto of hundreds of Native Americans who rallied in San Francisco last month as they began a nationwide walk from the west coast to Washington, D.C. At the conclusion of the rally, walkers split into two groups, one following a northern route, and another headed south....

Dooda Desert Rock to welcome Longest Walk 2

Navajo Times, MARCH 8, 2008
  Burnham, N.M. — On April 6, the Dooda Desert Rock campsite will welcome the Longest Walk 2 to New Mexico.
  “We are honored to be part of this tradition as we support our brothers and sisters who have committed themselves to a cross-country walk for environmental protection and Native American rights,: said Elouise Brown, presidernt of Dooda Desert Rocik, in a statement released Saturday....

A week later, Black Mesa area roads a mess
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, MARCH 3, 2008
  BLACK MESA — Unless you’ve been there or seen the photos, you might get the impression that Black Mesa residents are a bunch of wimps, whining about the mud. But that’s far from the truth.
  “We don’t want everybody else to think that we’re weak,” Delegate Amos Johnson said Sunday evening. “We’re strong, resilient people, and we will get through this.” But with more snow this past weekend and snow levels in the higher elevations of Black Mesa “up to the belly of a horse,” there is going to be a lot more water flowing down the mountain as the snowmelt begins in earnest.
  Black Mesa residents have a lot of pride and normally would just tough out in silence whatever hand they’re dealt by Mother Nature. But with weeks of snow and mud bringing travel to a standstill, it was time last week to send out an SOS, and pray someone responded....

Claw: Roads 'horrible'
Apache County officials get stuck taking fuel to chapter house
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, FEBRUARY 29, 2008
  FOREST LAKE — Apache County Supervisor Jim Claw, District 1, got a taste Wednesday of what it feels like to be a Black Mesa resident when he and his roads engineer high-centered on their way to the chapter house to make arrangements to deliver fuel....

Back to square one with Bennett Freeze
Letter to the Editor, Navajo Times, FEBRUARY 28, 2008
  One lonely winter night in December of 1998, I sat in a motel room in Winslow, Ariz., typing on a typewriter I borrowed from my sister, Gloria.
  I wrote a letter to the editor of the Navajo-Hopi Observer lamenting the Bennett Freeze and how it personally affected my aged and handicapped parents and how the Bennett Freeze Diné were suffering under this unjust and inhumane law....

Peabody plane crash-lands
By Bill Donovan, Special to the Navajo Times, FEBRUARY 28, 2008
  An aircraft belonging to Peabody Western Coal Co. crash-landed at the Black Mesa airstrip on Jan. 22
  No major injuries were reported but five of the 14 passengers in the plane were treated for minor injuries at nearby hospitals. All have been released....

Nearly 200 sets of human remains found at O.C. construction site
By Tony Barboza, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer, FEBRUARY 28, 2008
  Archaeologists have removed 174 sets of human remains from a controversial housing development under construction in Huntington Beach, bolstering claims that it was a significant prehistoric Native American settlement.
  Dave Singleton, program analyst for the California Native American Heritage Commission, said 87 sets of remains were removed before Hearthside Homes broke ground on its Brightwater development near the Bolsa Chica wetlands in June 2006 and 87 more since then....

$1 million earmarked for Black Mesa mud
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, FEBRUARY 27, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — Since word went out Monday about snow and mud conditions in the Black Mesa area, “it has triggered a lot of response,” Delegate Amos Johnson said Tuesday afternoon during a break in the Navajo Nation Council's debate on allocating $1 million for Emergency Management to deal with weather-related emergencies.
  "I got a call from Apache County, Mr. Jim Clah, who is willing to help us with fuel for our equipment, and then Apache County is also willing to help us distribute some of the food that was purchased for the people that is still sitting there at the chapter house."
  He said he also had spoken Tuesday morning with Chief of Staff Patrick Sandoval and learned that a request had gone in for assistance from the National Guard....

Delegate: National Guard needed in Black Mesa
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, FEBRUARY 25, 2008
  BLACK MESA — Weekend rain and snow have left residents of the Black Mesa area bogged down in the mud, and Navajo Nation Council Delegate Amos Johnson believes it’s time to call upon the National Guard.
  Johnson, who represents Black Mesa, Forest Lake and Rough Rock chapters, said the snow and rain are causing a lot of havoc for road equipment and four-wheel drive vehicles.
  “Our chapter road graders are starting to wear down, we’re out of fuel, and temporary workers are running out of resources. We need help from Gov. Janet Napolitano and the federal government,” he said Saturday....

Chapter official wants emergency assessment now
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, FEBRUARY 25, 2008
  BLACK MESA — Glenna Chee, an official with Black Mesa Chapter, received a distress call Sunday evening from a mother stuck somewhere on the road near Kitsillie, but there was no way she could get there to help.
  Dorothy Yazzie, a teacher at Chinle, accompanied by several family members, plowed a path to her parents’ home Sunday morning to remove her 82-year-old father and take him to Black Mesa Clinic near Piñon for medical treatment.
  There may be others in the area in need of help — a dialysis patient comes immediately to Chee’s mind — but treacherous road conditions have prevented those assessments from being done....

Local members of Quechan tribe take part in Longest Walk 2
By Darin Fenger, Yuma Sun Staff Wrtier, FEBRUARY 18, 2008
  Some local American Indians are hitting the highway on a coast-to-coast trek dedicated to better protection of Mother Earth and her sacred sites.
  This trek, called the Longest Walk 2, took off this week from San Francisco with hopes of arriving in Washington, D.C., by early July.
  Several members of the Quechan Indian Tribe are on the road with this national event. The local walkers arrived in San Francisco last weekend to prepare for the long journey with special rituals and celebrations at Alcatraz Island....

Indian walk crosses Nevada, nation
By Matt Farley, Reno-Gazette Journal, FEBRUARY 18, 2008
  In the 30 years since the first Longest Walk march flooded Capitol Hill with activists fighting for American Indian rights, thousands of places sacred to American Indians continue to be desecrated and developed, an official of the International Indian Treaty Council said Monday.
  Jimbo Simmons and other supporters of American Indian sovereignty launched the Longest Walk 2, a re-creation of the 1978 walk, that stopped Monday at an informal pow wow at the Carson Colony gymnasium....

American Indians begin long trek
Longest Walk 2 to span 10 states over 5 months
By Jennifer Torres, Record Staff Wrtier, FEBRUARY 15, 2008
  Larry Bringing Good has cleared out his apartment at the Hotel Stockton and given away his television.
  The electricity is set to be turned off today, and all he has, he said, is packed into two duffel bags.
  He is joining a group of more than 100 people on a walk across the country that officially began Monday. Over the next five months, participants will travel through more than 10 states to advocate for environmental concerns, to support the preservation of American Indian sacred sites and to commemorate a similar cross-country journey that was completed 30 years ago....

Longest Walk 2 begins trek across U.S.
By Brenda Norrell, Special to the Navajo Times, FEBRUARY 14, 2008
  RUMSEY RANCHERIA, Calif. - The Longest Walk 2 was launched as several hundred walkers began their journey acorss the continent here in the oak trees and green rolling hills in California on Feb. 12..
  Walkers were led by American Indian Movement co-founder Dennis Banks and Chairman Marshall McKay and council members of the Rumsey Band of Wintun Indians.
  The walkers arrived from tribes across the United States and several countries - including Japan, Israel, Poland, England, Mexico, Peru, Sweden and Australia....

March for American Indian awareness comes to Lodi
By Chris Nichols, News-Sentinel Staff Writer, FEBRUARY 14, 2008
  More than 50 spirited marchers arrived in Lodi on Wednesday as part of the Longest Walk 2008, a five-month, cross-country trek to raise awareness for American Indian issues.
  The group plans to walk to Washington, D.C. to commemorate the 30th anniversary of 1978's Longest Walk. .
  Like marchers three decades ago, their goals include promoting social justice and protections for the environment and American Indian burial grounds, several said....

Urban Exiles
Navajos reminisce about the relocation years
By Cindy Yurth, Navajo Times FEBRUARY 14, 2008
  CHINLE - If the two BIA agents had caught James Tsosie on a better day, his life might have been different.
  As it was, he was plowing the cornfield at his family's farm in Salina Springs, Ariz., with his cheii's two recalcitrant horses.
  One horse was pulling one way, the other horse the other way, and neither was as the 12-year-old wanted them to go....

Navajos help save Friendship House
By Cindy Yurth, Navajo Times, FEBRUARY 14, 2008
 Chinle - Navajo relocatees and their children were "definitely" a factor in saving the Intertribal Friendship House in Oakland, Calif., last year, IFH spokesman George Galvis said in a recent telephone interview.
  The first of many "Indian centers" as a meeting place for urban relocatees, Friendship House was on the county auction block last spring after the staff discovered - only after some developers expressed interest in buying it - that it owed $30,000 in back taxes....

The Cold War Threat to the Navajo
New York Times Editorial, FEBRUARY 12, 2008
  It is alarming that the nuclear power industry is talking about resuming uranium mining near a Navajo reservation. A mining company has applied for permits for a new mine on privately owned land in New Mexico just outside the reservation’s formal boundaries but within what is commonly known as Navajo Indian Country. Regulators must not allow this to proceed until the enormous damage inflicted by past mining operations has been fully addressed.
  Residents of the Navajo Nation are haunted by radiation threats from more than a thousand gaping mine sites abandoned after the cold war arms race. After decades of uranium mining — and accumulating evidence of spikes of cancer and other diseases — mining companies walked away from their cleanup responsibilities....

1872 Mining Law reform a bottomless pit
By Kathy Helms, Dineh Bureau, Gallup Independent, FEBRUARY 12, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — The Mining Law of 1872, signed into existence 135 years ago by President Ulysses Grant, is either “the most outdated natural resource law in the nation” and sadly in need of overhaul, or working just fine and any attempt at reform would be “unnecessary, duplicative and unreasonable.”
  The Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee chaired by U.S. Sen. Jeff Bingaman, D-N.M., heard testimony recently from a number of experts on the issue as well as representatives of various public interest groups.
  The U.S. House of Representatives passed a comprehensive bill in November to reform the mining law. Bingaman and Vice Chairman Pete Domenici, R-N.M., are hopeful the Senate and House can craft a bipartisan measure that will be signed into law....

Desert Rock: Tribal members push alternatives, Navajo Nation wants EPA action
By Cornelia de Bruin, Farmington Daily Times, FEBRUARY 11, 2008
  FARMINGTON — Navajo tribal members who believe their voices are needed in the fight against the proposed Desert Rock Power Plant their government supports claim a host of alternatives to burning coal exist on the Navajo Nation.
  The group, called Diné CARE, holds a viewpoint that is squarely opposite of Desert Rock supporters, such as project spokesman Frank Maisano, of the Washington, D.C., law firm Bracewell & Giuliani LLC....

Finding a resting place for the Gabrieleno-Tongva ancestors
By Kristin S. Agostoni, Daily Breeze, FEBRUARY 09, 2008
  Robert Dorame walked away from the neat rows of condominiums and town houses and followed the edge of a soccer field toward the Westchester Bluffs.
  As an archeologist guided him along the base of the hillside, Dorame paused and looked out over the plants lining a drainage channel.
  It was in this spot roughly four years ago that archeologists began unearthing hundreds of remains and burial artifacts from his Gabrieleno-Tongva ancestors....

Fence damage charge against elder dismissed
Navajo Times, FEBRUARY 07, 2008
  KYKOTSMOVI — Judge Delfred Leslie of the Hopi Tribal Court dismissed the criminal charge of damaging fences against Rena Babbitt Lane on Jan. 25, according to a news release from her lawyer, James Zion.
  The grounds for dismissal were that when three Hopi Rangers went to her home on Nov. 4, 2006, they illegally entered the "curtilage" of the home without a search warrant.
  Accordingly, the court was required to suppress the evidence, consisting of photographs of footprints and Lane's statements. There was no probable cause to support the criminal complaint without that evidence, so the court dismissed the complaint....

Paths planned for energy lines across Navajo Nation
By Chee Brossy, Special to the Times, Navajo Times, JANUARY 31, 2008
  Members of the Navajo Nation learned this week that they may find themselves hosting several federal energy corridors - wide swaths of land for pipelines and electrical lines - though it's still uncertain which families would be affected.
  The federal government is looking to designate energy corridors in 11 Western states as a solution to strengthen and expand the nation's outdated power grid, and eliminate roadblocks to the movement of fuel supplies and electricity.
  Three of the proposed pathways would traverse the Navajo Nation....

Renewable energy best choice for Diné
By Andrew Curley, Special to the Times, Navajo Times, JANUARY 24, 2008
  The end of 2007 brought the world one step closer to a responsible position on Climate change as a result of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia.
  Former Vice President Al Gore and the UN Committee on Climate Change won the Noble Peace Prize for their efforts to disseminate knowledge about man-made climate change and to begin counteracting the changes, sending a signal to the world community about the need for urgent and drastic action.
  The international community, including poor, developing nations, is moving towards placing a cap on greenhouse gas emissions, using either taxation or an emissions trading market such as the European Union has created....

Diné included in U.S. apartheid report to UN
By Brenda Norrell, Special to the Times, Navajo Times, JANUARY 24, 2008
  San Francisco – Navajo victims of coal mining and uranium mining are among the indigenous peoples included in a report on racism, forced assimilation and apartheid in the United States.
  The “Consolidated Indigenous Shadow Report,” was released Jan. 16 by the International Indian Treaty Council. The report will be presented to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination in February.
  Dedicated to Floyd Red Crow Westerman, who passed away on Dec. 13, 2007, the report is compiled from the testimony of individuals and groups of indigenous peoples and includes data from a wide range of sources....

Endangered treasure?
Groups: Uranium boom a threat to Grand Canyon
By Kathy Helms, Diné Bureau, Gallup Independent, JANUARY 23, 2008
  WINDOW ROCK — Thousands of mining claims, mostly for uranium, have been staked in 12 Western states since 2003, resulting in a modern-day land rush that is encroaching on some of America’s greatest treasures including the Grand Canyon, Joshua Tree, Arches, and Yosemite National Parks.
  An Environmental Working Group analysis of U.S. Bureau of Land Management data from 2007 shows that active mining claims in 12 Western states increased more than 80 percent from January 2003 to July 2007....

Many Navajo still living without electricity: Solar and wind power a
solution for some

By Alysa Landry, Farmington Daily Times, JANUARY 14, 2008
  SHIPROCK — The drone of a small wind turbine is the only sound punctuating the stillness on a plot of land five miles south of Shiprock.
  A few houses dot the horizon to the east, and an occasional car passes by on Navajo Route 36 — the only signs of civilization Denton Blueeyes sees from his home near Chaco Wash....